- Over the past 10-20 years, the field of programming has become as democratic as possible, and the threshold for entering the profession has decreased. The number of specialists is growing steadily every year, and the composition of IT departments is becoming more diverse. Popular languages often come with trending jobs. Here is the list of top programming languages to consider in 2021.
The programming language continues to be one of the best programming languages every developer should learn now. The language is easy to learn and offers a clean and well-structured code, making it powerful enough to build a decent web application.
Developers use Python for web and desktop applications, GUI-based desktop applications, machine learning, data science, and network servers. The programming language enjoys immense community support and offers several open-source libraries, frameworks, and modules that make application development a cakewalk.
Though Python has been around for a while, it makes sense to learn this language in 2020-2021 as it can help you get a job or a freelance project quickly, thereby accelerating your career growth.
Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language with type inference. It is designed to be completely interoperable with Java. Moreover, from the time Android announced it as its first language, Kotlin offers features that developers ask for. It effortlessly combines object-oriented and functional programming features within it.
The effortless interoperation between Java and Kotlin makes Android development faster and enjoyable. Since Kotlin addresses the major issues surfaced in Java, developers have rewritten several Java apps in Kotlin.
As most businesses move to Kotlin, Google is bound to promote this language more than Java. Hence, Kotlin has a strong future in the Android app development ecosystem.
It has been one of the most popular programming languages used for developing server-side applications. Java is a practical choice for developing Android apps as it can create highly functional programs and platforms.
This object-oriented programming language does not require a specific hardware infrastructure, is easily manageable, and has a good level of security. Moreover, it is easier to learn Java in comparison to languages such as C and C++.
Despite its industrial age, Java is incredibly stable and not heading for retirement anytime soon. This makes Java one of the most desirable languages among programmers in 2020s.
Swift is a general-purpose compiled programming language developed by Apple. It offers developers a simple and cohesive syntax. It is deeply influenced by Python and Ruby that’s fast, secure, and easy-to-learn. Owning to its versatility and practical applications, Swift has replaced Objective-C as the main language for Apple-related applications.
Further, since Swift is promoted by Apple, its popularity and community support are increasing. In fact, a study of the top 110 apps on the app store showed that 42% of apps are already using Swift.
Coders with little or zero experience can use Swift Playgrounds to learn the language, experiment with complex codes, and work on native iOS and macOS apps. Swift opens several opportunities for new programmers, allowing them to make it big in the world of app development.
There is a giant market out there for iOS and if you want to be a part of it – swift is the language you should learn in 2021.
Further, it is well-structured and easy to learn. Its extended toolbox makes application development quick. TypeScript is expected to supercede JS in 2020-2021, making it one of the most sought-after programming languages in the future.
Go is fairly a new system-level programming language that has a focused vocabulary and simple scoping rules. It blends the best aspects of functional programming and object-oriented styles. Go is the fastest-growing language on Github, meant to replace languages like Java and C++.
Go solves issues like slow compilation and execution in large distributed software systems.
This speed advantage has made Go a critical component of cloud infrastructure. So, if you are planning to work in a serverless ecosystem, Go is the language for you.
Things that might be useful for a programmer-beginner in 2021:
- Fundamental programming skills will help you use all the available tools more effectively. Don’t neglect the knowledge-base – it will definitely come in handy, moreover, it will allow you work faster and even more creatively.
- Getting started in coding is easier than ever before, but prepare yourself for challenges in the next stages – it takes a lot of work to reach middle and senior levels.
- Keep track of new applications and services – how they work, function, what has changed over the past six months or a year. This way you can keep up with the development trends and react faster to changes.
- Simplification is one of the main trends in programming. However, this doesn’t mean that you can create applications in two clicks. You can build the simplest game or online store in such a way, but that has nothing to do with building a database or neural network. Algorithms, by the way, have taken some routine work on their part, leaving you the most difficult and exciting tasks.